A survival kit is essential, it could save the lives of you and your passengers. In fact, the Canadian Aviation Regulations require that you carry a survival kit on board. According to section 602.61 of the CARs:
It is prohibited to operate an aircraft above the surface of the earth, unless there is carried on board adequate survival equipment to ensure the survival on the ground of the persons on board, taking into account the geographical location, of the season and the predicted seasonal climatic variations, which survival equipment offers the means:
- start a fire;
- provide shelter;
- provide or purify water;
- to issue visual distress signals.
But in practice, what should it contain. Naturally, you will find in the trade a multitude of offers at more or less exorbitant prices. Here is our suggestion, inspired by several sources:
- A solid knife that could be used as a tool, eating utensil, build a shelter, an instrument to cut the bandages.
- A small knife, Swiss knife model.
- A hatchet.
- A lighter that you will need to check from time to time to make sure it is working properly.
- Waterproof matches.
- Metal wire.
- Some trash bags of different sizes. The large format could serve as a poncho.
- Some Ziploc bags.
- Tablets to purify water.
- Repellent against mosquitoes.
- Mosquito protection net.
- A reflective mirror. You can use a CD / DVD as a reflective surface.
- A few candles.
- A gourd.
- A flashlight with spare batteries.
- A compass.
- A whistle.
- A polyethylene canvas to build a shelter.
- A first aid kit.
- A backpack.
- Some spare clothes: underwear and stockings.
- Toilet paper.
As for food, avoid sweets. Think of energy bars and maybe some canned food (fish, meat). Empty tins can be used as a container for cooking.
Here are some interesting links: